An African woman, captured for the Caribbean slave trade, is whipped. Groups of slaves are leaving the port area in coffles. The Atlantic slave trade involved the transportation by slave traders of enslaved African people, mainly to the Americas. The vast majority of those who were enslaved and transported in the transatlantic slave trade were Africans from central and western Africa, who had been sold by other West Africans to Western European slave traders, who brought them to the Americas. The South Atlantic and Caribbean economies especially were dependent on the supply of secure labour for the production of commodity crops, making goods and clothing to sell in Europe. This was crucial to those western European countries which, in the late 17th and 18th centuries, were vying with each other to create overseas empires. No artist credited, 18th century.
19th century illustration of a slave caravan in Africa. Artwork by Paul Gaffarel in 1894.